Ordinal Common-sense Inference (Zhang et al., 2017)

A new task and dataset of 39k examples for common sense reasoning, with a sentence generated for each prompt and a manual label indicating their relation, from very likely to impossible.

Error-repair Dependency Parsing for Ungrammatical Texts (Sakaguchi et al., 2017)

Grammatical error correction can be improved by jointly parsing the sentence being corrected.

Attention Strategies for Multi-Source Sequence-to-Sequence Learning (Libovicky et al., 2017)

To apply attention across multiple input sources, it is best to apply attention independently and then have a second phase of attention over the summary vectors for each source.

Robust Incremental Neural Semantic Graph Parsing (Buys et al., 2017)

A neural transition based parser with actions to create non-local links can perform well on Minimal Recursion Semantics parsing.

A Two-Stage Parsing Method for Text-Level Discourse Analysis (Wang et al., 2017)

Breaking discourse parsing into separate relation identification and labeling tasks can boost performance (by dealing with limited training data).

A Transition-Based Directed Acyclic Graph Parser for UCCA (Hershcovich et al., 2017)

Parsing performance on the semantic structures of UCCA can be boosted by using a transition system that combines ideas from discontinuous and constituent transition systems, covering the full space of structures.

Learning Distributed Representations of Texts and Entities from Knowledge Base (Yamada et al., 2017)

Vectors for words and entities can be learned by trying to model the text written about the entities. This leads to word vectors that score well on similarity tasks and entity vectors that produce excellent results on entity linking and question answering.

In-Order Transition-based Constituent Parsing (Liu et al., 2017)

Using in-order traversal for transition based parsing (put the non-terminal on the stack after its first child but before the rest) is consistently better than pre-order / top-down or post-order / bottom-up traversal.

Natural Language Does Not Emerge 'Naturally' in Multi-Agent Dialog (Kottur et al., 2017)

Constraining the language of a dialogue agent can improve performance by encouraging the use of more compositional language.

Leveraging Knowledge Bases in LSTMs for Improving Machine Reading (Yang et al., 2017)

Incorporating vector representations of entities from structured resources like NELL and WordNet into the output of an LSTM can improve entity and event extraction.